Learn more about the issues affecting Ontario's Greenbelt. 


The High Costs of Sprawl: A Report on Why Building More Sustainable Communities Will Save Us Time and Money

This report outlines many of the policies that provide the foundation to create sprawl. We unveil the hidden costs paid by governments, businesses and residents when new sprawl developments are built. It offers recommendations to governments, residents and the development industry for how to help protect the economic, environmental and social health of our region for now and for generations to come.


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Priced Out: Understanding the factors affecting home prices in the GTA

Priced Out explores the factors contributing to rising home prices in the GTA, and how homebuyers are being “priced out” of location-efficient options.


The Greenbelt Plan

The Greenbelt Plan identifies where urbanization should not occur in order to provide permanent protection to the agricultural land base and the ecological features and functions occurring on this landscape.


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Good Things Are Growing in Ontario: Expanding Ontario's Greenbelt Through Urban River Valleys

In this report, the Ontario Greenbelt Alliance recommends that the municipalities of Toronto, Mississauga, Brampton, Oakville, Markham, Guelph and Hamilton use the new designation as a further layer of protection for their urban river valleys. The Alliance looks to municipalities listed in the report to be the first to employ the new designation, and hopes that others will follow.


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Inside and Out: Sustaining Ontario's Greenbelt

Developers, planners and environmentalists can all wave their "whitebelt" flag. A new study shows that the area between the Greenbelt and urban growth boundaries, nicknamed the "whitebelt", contains enough land to accommodate development for several generations. This study indicates that there is no evidence that the Greenbelt has caused so-called “leap frog” development, that is, growth of communities north and west of the Greenbelt to accommodate people who might have otherwise settled in communities along Lake Ontario. 


Carbon in the Bank: Ontario's Greenbelt and its role in mitigating climate change

This report studies natural capital and ecosystem services in Canada's major urban centres. It highlights the important role that the Ontario Greenbelt's forests, wetlands, and agricultural soils play in capturing and storing vast amounts of carbon. A principle goal of the report is to bring the importance of the Greenbelt as an instrument of climate change mitigation into relief by translating these essential ecosystem services into economic values. 


Ontario's Wealth, Canada's Future: Appreciating the value of the Greenbelt's eco-services

Ontario's Wealth, Canada's Future: Appreciating the Value of the Greenbelt's Eco-Services quantifies the value of the ecosystem services provided by Ontario's Greenbelt — such as water filtration, flood control, climate stabilization (i.e., carbon storage), waste treatment, wildlife habitat, and recreation. The findings show that the Greenbelt offers $2.7 billion worth of non-market ecological services to the province each year, an average value of $3,571 per hectare annually.


Planning Regional Food Systems: A Guide for Municipal Planning and Development in the Greater Golden Horseshoe

This report highlights practices that planners are currently implementing to benefit local food systems and to provide recommendations for what municipal planners could be doing better in areas of policy, land use planning and economic development. The Planning Guide was used for the basis of five workshops held with planners across the Greater Golden Horseshoe area.


Evaluating the Economic Benefit of Greenbelt Assets

Produced by Econometric Research Limited, this study identifies, quantifies and showcases the economic contributions of the Greenbelt on the provincial economy and local areas dependent on its resource base. It provides objective, meaningful and sound estimates of the economic contributions of the main economic activities in, or based on, the natural capital base of the Greenbelt.


Protecting Greenbelt Wetlands: How Effective is Policy?

This report presents the findings of a two-year study that investigated the extent to which new legislation, policy and stronger legal standards are serving to protect and restore wetlands in Ontario's Greenbelt.


Implementing the Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe

This study, the first comprehensive review of the Places to Grow: Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe and its outcomes to date, paints a picture of an innovative, award-winning plan under pressure and behind schedule. 


Further Information

For more information, see also: the Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe, the Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Plan,  the Niagara Escarpment Plan [PDF].